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  • Startseite » Anleitungen » Betreuung » Honigraum Erweiterung

    [Needs proof-reading/checking]

    Honey compartment expansion

    During the first year after introduction of a swarm into the Bienenkiste hive the honey compartment (i.e. the "honey super") remains... empty! During this first year the new colony is hard at work drawing comb in the brood chamber. Not until the following year, when the brood chamber has been almost filled with natural comb, can we harvest honey.

    The right moment
    In the springtime, usually between the time of the cherry and the apple blossom, the bees natural urge to build resumes. If the brood chamber (the area in front) is not yet full they will continue to build new (white) comb there; as long as room remains in the brood chamber, there is no need to prematurely open the honey compartment (the rear compartment, behind the divider board).

    [Foto-Unterschrift: New comb being built under the divider board.]

    When the bees start to build under the divider board and beyond it is time to open up the honey compartment.

    In the springtime the dynamics of colony growth can be quite extreme -- from one day to the next the hive is suddenly "boiling over" with bees. Normally, even in a colony that overwintered without fully building out the brood chamber, by the first week of May at the latest it is time to open the honey compartment. Do not make the mistake of waiting until the brood space is complete. The bees will continue to build comb in the brood chamber over the course of the entire season. In strong colonies it may even be advisable to open the honey compartment already in mid-April.

    Preparing the top bars and foundation sheet

    [Foto-unterschrift: Assembling the top bars and wax foundation sheet]

    Wax foundation sheet is fragile when it is cold and can bend and stretch when it is warm; to avoid potential storage problems it is a good idea to wait to assemble the bars and foundation until just before they are needed.

    Directions in detail...

    Removing the divider board
    The first step when adding the foundation is to open the hive in the usual manner; this is followed by removal of the divider board. The bees have likely already begun to attach comb and/or build around it, so a bit of care is called for. We give the bees a bit of smoke to move them back and out of our way and then use a knife or sharp hive tool to carefully separate comb and divider board. Use the hive tool to gently work the board free -- even though it only hangs in place the bees may have firmly attached it to the hive using propolis.

    Adding foundation (honey compartment)
    Place the end tabs of the foundation bars, one by one, into the slot of the middle cross bar. Position the bars so that they fall as closely as possible in line with the existing natural comb that the bees have already built. It is not a problem if the sheets of wax foundation are somewhat buckled or curved -- gravity, the warmth of the hive, and the work of the bees will take care of this, resulting in perfectly vertical combs.

    [Foto-Unterschrift: Adding foundation]

    Set the rear cross bar into place. This is easier to do if you loosen the screws on one of the side support posts and then re-tighten them after the cross bar is in place. This is much easier than trying to fit the ends of all 12 foundation bars all at once into the slot of the cross bar.

    [Foto-Unterschrift: Installing the rear cross bar]

    Done! The hive can now be closed, and the bees will quickly begin to draw out the sheets of foundation out into proper comb and fill the cells with honey...

    [Hinweis: KMP hat den Beitrag zuletzt am vor 6 Jahren, 8 Monaten geändert.]
      Kevin M. Pfeiffer - Berlin (Mitglied, Imkerverein Kreuzberg e.V.) - Imkerbuch - Stockwaage - Visitenkarte